Saturday , 28 November 2020

Blog Archives

CLINICO – HISTOPATHOLOGICAL SPECTRUM OF CUTANEOUS VASCULITIS: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF 62 CASES

Context: Cutaneous Vasculitis is the inflammation of vessel walls which leads to hemorrhagic or ischemic events. The histopathological classification of cutaneous vasculitis depends on the vessel size and the dominant immune cell mediating the inflammation. Object: We studied the etiological factors and clinico-pathological spectrum of patients with cutaneous vasculitis at a tertiary referral centre of north India. Design: Skin biopsies of all …

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NASAL OBSTRUCTION AND EUSTACHIAN TUBE DYSFUNCTION: HOW ARE THEY RELATED?

Eustachian tube is an osseocartilagenous tube which connects middle ear with nasopharynx. It has been suggested that any pathology affecting the nose, paranasal sinuses or nasopharynx may lead to Eustachian tube dysfunction and middle ear hypoventilation. Hence, we decided to take up a study to assess the effect of nasal obstructive lesions on Eustachian tube function by Impedance Audiometry and …

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SERUM FERRITIN AND HbA1c LEVELS IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS

Introduction: Complications due to diabetes are a major cause of disability, reduced quality of life and death. Recent studies have emphasized the role of serum ferritin in insulin resistance and the incidence of diabetes mellitus. However, the role of ferritin as a marker of iron overload in pancreatic damage and peripheral insulin resistance or its role as an inflammatory marker is …

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THE UNDERUSE OF SPIROMETERY IN ROUTINE MEDICAL PRACTICE FOR DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD) PATIENTS IN KARACHI, PAKISTAN

Introduction: Spirometry is important in the diagnosis and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), yet it is a common clinical observation that it is underused though the extent is unclear. This survey aims to examine the use of spirometry in the diagnosis and management of COPD patients in districts of, Karachi. Material and Methods: It is a cross-sectional survey involving …

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EMERGENCE OF CARBAPENEM-RESISTANT ACINETOBACTER BAUMANNII IN THE INTENSIVE CARE UNIT OF A REFERRAL HOSPITAL OF EASTERN INDIA AND ITS THERAPEUTIC OPTION

Background and objective: Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii has one of the most serious nosocomially acquired gram negative infection in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The gradual increase in incidence of this pathogen reflects their de-novo selection due to antibiotic usages and its ability to spread between patients. This study was undertaken to detect resistance to carbapenems in clinical isolates of A. baumannii in our ICU set …

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LIPID PEROXIDATION AND LIPOPROTEIN CONCENTRATIONS IN CORD BLOOD OF PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION

Hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy are common and form one of the deadly triad, along with hemorrhage and infection that contribute greatly to maternal morbidity and mortality. The present study was undertaken to determine the changes in lipid peroxidation and lipoprotein concentrations in cord blood of pregnancy induced Hypertensive patients. The MDA  levels in cord blood of Pregnancy induced Hypertension patients. …

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KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE & PRACTICE PATTERN OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY AMONG DIABETOLOGISTS OF VISAKHAPATNAM DISTRICT -A STUDY

Background: Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is the major cause of blindness in working age adults. Because of its asymptomatic nature, most of these patients do not seek ophthalmologists care till the advent of visual loss. Patients who do not receive any form of educational intervention regarding Diabetes and DR, has a fourfold increased risk of developing Diabetic Retinopathy and its delayed …

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DIABETES RISK SCORE OF STAFF OF AN URBAN MISSION HOSPITAL IN NIGERIA

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a major global health problem which in hospital staff poses a major stress and can lead to migration away from health related posts. Certain features of health work e.g. long hours, shifts and uncertain break times increase the risk for hospital staff. It is critical to predict chronic conditions like diabetes mellitus that have a definable …

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RELAPSE OF GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME AFTER SPINAL ANESTHESIA: A CASE REPORT

Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) is an acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy characterized by progressive symmetric ascending muscle weakness, paralysis and hyporeflexia with or without sensory or autonomic symptoms. It is most commonly caused by an autoimmune response of the body to an infectious agent like Campylobacter jejuni. It is less common during pregnancy but it may relapse during postpartum period. Cases of …

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