Nanomedicine: A Comprehensive Overview

Introduction Nanomedicine is the medical application of nanotechnology, which ranges from the medical applications of nanomaterials and biological devices to nanoelectronic biosensors and even possible future applications of molecular nanotechnology such as biological machines. It seeks to deliver a valuable set of research tools and clinically useful devices in the near future. As the field…

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Gene Editing: An Overview

Introduction to Gene Editing Definition and Overview Gene editing is a method by which the DNA of living organisms is altered or modified. It involves cutting DNA strands at specific sequences and making changes like additions, deletions, or replacements at these locations. Brief History The history of gene editing traces back to the discovery of…

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Precision Medicine: Tailoring Treatment to You

Introduction to Precision Medicine Precision medicine is a revolutionary approach in healthcare that aims to tailor treatment and prevention strategies to individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. This concept contrasts with the ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach, where disease treatment and prevention strategies are developed for the average person with less consideration for the…

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Latest Symptoms of COVID-19

As of the latest updates, the symptoms of COVID-19 have remained consistent even with the emergence of new variants like Eris (EG.5) and omicron BA.2.86. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other health authorities continue to monitor and report these symptoms. Here is a comprehensive list of symptoms individuals should watch for:…

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COVID-19: Navigating the Evolving Landscape with JN.1 on the Horizon

Introduction: COVID-19 continues to cast a long shadow, demanding constant adaptation and vigilance. While some countries embrace a “living with the virus” approach, the emergence of subvariants like JN.1 underscores the pandemic’s evolving nature. This article delves into the current COVID-19 landscape, covering statistics, variants, vaccines, and essential information to navigate this ever-changing terrain. Global…

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Brief Update on COVID-19 as of 25 December 2023

As the world continues to navigate through the COVID-19 pandemic, updated data as of December 2023 highlights key developments in case statistics, variants, and vaccine responses. COVID-19 Current Statistics (as of December 2023) [1] Global Case Trends: A significant increase in the number of new COVID-19 cases has been observed globally, with a 52% uptick…

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Pharmacology of Pilocarpine

Introduction Pilocarpine is a notable muscarinic cholinergic agonist extracted from the leaves of the South American shrub Pilocarpus jaborandi. It has garnered attention primarily for its therapeutic applications in managing glaucoma and xerostomia, the latter often being a complication following radiation therapy for cancers in the head and neck region. Chemical Structure and Properties Pilocarpine…

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Pharmacology of Propranolol

Introduction Propranolol is a beta-adrenergic blocker that has significantly influenced the treatment landscape of various cardiovascular disorders since its synthesis in the 1960s. It is primarily used in managing hypertension, angina pectoris, and cardiac arrhythmias, among other conditions. Chemical Structure and Properties Propranolol is a non-selective beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist with the chemical structure (RS)-1-(isopropylamino)-3-(1-naphthyloxy)propan-2-ol. It…

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Pharmacology of Testosterone

Introduction Testosterone is a primary male sex hormone, belonging to the androgen group, and is crucial in male reproductive tissue development and maintaining secondary sexual characteristics. It is secreted predominantly in the testes of males and, to a lesser extent, the ovaries of females. The pharmacological exploration of testosterone has evolved significantly, offering insights into…

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